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What is Sociology?

Sociology is the study of rational, scientific and systematic study of human society that focuses on society and its evolution, human social behavior, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and aspects of culture associated with everyday life in different societies.

Sociology provides an understanding of social life, social change, and the social causes and consequences of human behavior. Sociologists investigate the structure of groups, organizations, and societies, and how people interact within these contexts.

Why study Sociology?
Sociology is the key to making a difference in the world you live in. Sociology examines the organization, structure, and change of social groups and institutions. It combines rigorous methods of inquiry and analysis in various areas of research, such as: mass media, the environment, racism, gender issues, class, and deviance and social control.

Sociology can be divided into seven main areas of study:

  1. Social organization,
  2. Social psychology,
  3. Social change,
  4. Human ecology,
  5. Population and demographics,
  6. Applied sociology,
  7. Sociological methods and research.

A variety of methods including surveys, experiments, field research, and textual analysis are used in the process of understanding how any society operates.

French Sociologist Emile Durkheim (1858–1917) is known as the “Father of Sociology” and is a founding figure in the field. He is credited with making sociology a science.

German Economics Professor Max Weber (1864–1920) was a founding figure of the field of Sociology and is considered one of the most famous sociologists in history.